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GLOSSARY & MORE INFO

 

This section contains a glossary of terms and some sources of further information about the parliament:

 
Glossary

This explains some of the more unusual terms that crop up in the records of the Scottish parliament, and in the text of some of the workshops.



IN THIS SECTION

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GLOSSARY
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BIBLIOGRAPHIC NOTE
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LINKS
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Agues

 fevers

Bailies

 town magistrates on town councils

Bullion

 precious metals (usually silver and gold)

Burgess

 merchant or craftsman licensed to trade in a burgh

Burgh of barony

 burgh where the superior was a baron not the king

Cambric

 fine white linen from Cambrai in French Flanders

Casualties

 profits available to superior of landed property

Caution

 bail payment guaranteeing good behaviour/or threat of such payment

Chalders

 a measure of capacity used normally for grain

Chancellor

 usual head of administration with responsibility over certain writs

Clerk Register

 responsible for maintaining /ordering the records/archives of Scotland

Commissioners of Supply

 responsible for land valuation following land tax introduced in 1667

Common weal

 the commonwealth, the general population

Controverted election

 disputed elections to parliament

Convention of estates

 a gathering similar to a full parliament but called at shorter notice and without the judicial powers of a full parliament but with tax raising power.

Deforcement

 crime of preventing by force the discharge of duty

Escheat[ing]

 confiscation

Farmerers

 those who have purchases the right to collect certain taxes

Forfeiture

 punishment of forfeiting goods or land

Heritors

 landowners of heritable property

Horning

 process of technical outlawry if official instructions not obeyed

Infeftments

 confirmation of the ownership of land by either inheritance, gift or purchase.

Justice Clerk

 head of the Court of Justiciary that presided over criminal cases

Landward

 outwith the towns

Leasing-making

 crime of spreading ideas damaging the harmony of the nation and the relationship between the crown and the people.

Lord Advocate

 chief law officer of crown and chief prosecutor

Lord Governor

 sometimes used as alternative to regent

Macers

 officer of the crown who delivered writs and summonses

Magistrates

 bailies who formed the burgh courts

Martinmass

 11 November, celebrating the feast of St. Martin

Merks

 an amount of money used in reckoning, 13s 4. or  two-thirds of a pound Scots.

Old extent

 valuation for lands supposedly based on figures of the 13th century.

Privy Council

 king’s council or secret council of advisers which met regularly to carry out routine government business.

Privy Seal

 the Lord Privy Seal was responsibly for the royal privy seal that was used to instruct the Great Seal to be used to authenticate charters and also to confirm gifts of pensions and appointments.

Relagities

 land or territory subject to the jurisdiction granted by the crown to a powerful subject

Remeed

 remedy

Resetters

 those selling stolen goods

Royal burgh

 a burgh where the superior is the crown

Secret Council

 alternative name for privy council

Sorner

 scrounger

Staple port

 European port where Scots traded duty free in staple goods such as linen, wool, salt, skins and coal.

Stent

 a local or national taxation or assessment

Stewards

 administrator of crown property in a stewartry as opposed to a sheriff who administered a sheriffdom

Under the pain

 under threat of a specific punishment

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Detailed bibliographies are available from the websites of the Scottish Parliament Project and the Records of the Scottish Parliament.

The references to RPS in  the workshop extracts refer to The Records of the Parliament of Scotland, edited by Keith Brown et al (St Andrews, 2007). The text of the acts are reproduced by permission of the Scottish Parliament Project and the University of St Andrews. Note that The Acts of Parliament of Scotland, 1124-1707, ed. T. Thomson and C. Innes (12 vols, Edinburgh, 1814-75), is the available printed source of the acts which the digitized acts, more comprehensive and honest to the manuscript order, now replace. The best printed secondary source which explains the basic workings of parliament is the out of copyright C.S. Terry, The Scottish Parliament: Its Constitution and Procedure 1603-1707 (Glasgow, 1905).

 
   
Records of the Parliaments of Scotland (www.rps.ac.uk)  
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